History of International Organizations' Work with Soybeans and Soyfoods (1914-2021)

William Shurtleff, Akiko AoyagiISBN: 978-1-948436-58-8

Publication Date: 2021 Nov. 12

Number of References in Bibliography: 2074

Earliest Reference: 1914

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Brief Chronology of International Organizations’ Work with Soybeans and Soyfoods

1905 – The International Institute of Agriculture (IIA) is established in Rome by the King of Italy Victor Emmanuel III with the intent of creating a clearinghouse for collection of agricultural statistics. It was created primarily due to the efforts of David Lubin of Sacramento, California. In 1930, the IIA published the first world agricultural census. It also published many very important documents about soybeans, including Grinenco & Capone 1921; Capone, Grinenco & Costa 1923; Kaltenbach & Legros 1936).

After World War II, both its assets and mandate were handed over to the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations.

1936 – The International Institute of Agriculture (IIA) publishes Le Soja dans le Monde (viii + 282 p.), packed with original, valuable information.

1945 June 26 – The United Nations charter is signed in San Francisco by the representatives of 50 nations. The UN officially came into existence on 24 October 1945, upon ratification of the Charter by the five permanent members of the Security Council – the US, the UK, France, the Soviet Union and the Republic of China – and by a majority of the other 46 signatories.

1945 Oct. 16 – The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations is established in Quebec City, Canada, and its Constitution finalized. The First Session of the FAO Conference is held immediately afterward in the Château Frontenac in Quebec City from 16 Oct. to 1 Nov. 1945.

1955 – The Protein Advisory Group (PAG) is established to advise FAO about protein-calorie malnutrition worldwide

1960 – IRAT (L'Institut de Recherches Agronomiques Tropicales et des Cultures Vivrières) is established; in 1984 it became part of CIRAD (Centre de Coopération internationale en recherche agronomique pour le développement) = The French Agricultural Research Centre for International Development.

1967 – The International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) is established by the Ford and Rockefeller foundations. Its headquarters is in Ibadan, Nigeria. One of their key crops is soybeans.

1971 May 22 – Asian Vegetable Research and Development Center (AVRDC) is established at Shanhua, Southern Taiwan by seven nations: the U.S., Japan, South Korea, the Philippines, Thailand, South Vietnam, and Nationalist China [Taiwan].

In 2008 it was renamed World Vegetable Center.

1972 – The International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) is founded by a consortium of organisations convened by the Ford and the Rockefeller foundations. It is an international organization which conducts agricultural research for rural development, headquartered in Patancheru (Hyderabad, Telangana, India) with several regional centers (Bamako (Mali), Nairobi (Kenya) and research stations (Niamey (Niger), Kano (Nigeria), Lilongwe (Malawi), Addis Ababa (Ethiopia), Bulawayo (Zimbabwe). Its charter was signed by the FAO and the UNDP.

1973 July 9-10. The “INTSOY Steering Committee Meeting” to establish the International Soybean Program (INTSOY) is held at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

INTSOY is based on PIRIDS (Program for International Research, Improvement, and Development of Soybeans), which established in 1969 at the University of Illinois with funding from a Rockefeller Foundation grant. PIRIDS was directed by Earl R. Leng.

1974 March – The International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) is first mentioned in connection with soybeans,

1974 April – The first volume of the INTSOY Series of books is published. It is titled Selected Literature of Soybean Entomology, by G.L. Godfrey (vii + 223 p.).

1975 Oct. – The International Soybean Variety Experiment: First Report of Results, by D.K. Whigham, is published as INTSOY Series No. 8 (161 p.). Soybeans have been cultivated and ISVEX trials conducted in many countries where they had never been grown before, such as Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Syria.

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